Despite her damage she only deplored 12 casualties, and was still able to station off Uruguay with Achilles, soon joined by Cumberland (from the Falklands), until the conclusion. Their general configuration was scaled up to the big First Class cruisers and down to the torpedo cruisers, whilst traces of the protected deck scheme can even be recognised in some sloops. The Mark XXIII was a traditional model with an hand-operated Welin breech block and Cloth bags for cordite, also hand-held. The Leander class Britain needed 70 cruisers to serve in the battle fleet as well as protect far-flung trade routes, so it had to juggle the mix of large and small cruisers. She nearly missed the merchant raider Atlantis.  The explanation was that there had been a large increase in the expenditure for wages at the Dockyards, and this had paid for by money voted for the construction of the Leanders. ", In Abrupt Reversal of Iran Strategy, Pentagon Orders Aircraft Carrier Home, Marine Corps to Stand Up First Marine Littoral Regiment in FY 2022, Norsepower Completes Installation of Two Tiltable Rotor Sails, US Navy halts deliveries of Freedom-class littoral combat ship, SECNAV Braithwaite bids farewell to sailors and Marines, Uncertainty prevails over US cyber strategy shift towards ‘persistent engagement'. HMS Apollo entered service in 1936, and until 1938 was posted to the American and West Indies station (The carribean), and she was purchased by the Australian Government in 1938, as well as the aviation tender HMAS Albatross, but this was postponed to September because of the Munich crisis. She was posted the last years of the interwar in the North America and West Indies Station. The IJN was expert in night fighting and known for agressive torpedo attacks. Sold to be broken up for scrap on 15 December 1949. " On 15 July 1884, the Secretary to the Admiralty stated that "The Leander herself, we expect, will be completed in December in the Dockyards; but the others of her class will not be completed until she has been tried. Although the compartimentation was copied from the York class, the ships had four shafts, connected to Parsons single-reduction geared steam turbines, fed by four to six boilers, depending on the group. The three ships of the second group were sold to the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) before World War II and renamed after Australian cities. Leander was laid down on 8 September 1930, launched on 24 September 1931 and commissioned into the Royal Navy on 23 March 1933. In total the Australian vessel would cover 7,000 soldiers and civilians aboard a heterogenous flotilla of vessels. During the operation she lost her Walrus, shot by Italian CR42 fighters. All results related to "cruiser leander-class" found on 80 scale modeling websites and the scalemates kit database. The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II.They were named after mythological figures, and all ships were commissioned between 1933 and 1936. It was organised in two self-contained units well separated fore and aft. At this time she was repairing and refitting at Boston in the USA. During the rest of the summer she stayed at Alexandria for a refit and received her camouflage. She would display two other liveries until 1945 – old author’s illustrations. Also they carried two quadruple banks each side of standard 21-in TTs. 11,000 nmi (20,000 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h). They were named after mythological figures, and all ships were commissioned between 1933 and 1936. Fine vessels they are, and no doubt the Shah and the Raleigh, when they have got on board their new armament, will give a good account—a very good account indeed—of any cruiser in the world that is not an iron-clad. The Leander class was influenced by the York-class heavy cruiser, and was an attempt to better provide for the role of commerce protection. Some became legendary such as the Ajax or the Sydney with its epic duel with the Kormoran. The next year, HMNZS Achilles was back in Auckland, New Zealand for a refit. 725 tons coal normal, 1000 tons maximum = c. 6,000 nmi at economical speed. Reed). Provision to mount catapults for Fairey Seafox reconnaissance aircraft was also done, some having them in operation. For other uses, see Leander class. The 6-inch shell damaged her floatplane but in return she registered three hits on the Bolzano. The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II. Although launched as HMS PHAETON on 9th October 1934, this was changed in 1935 to SYDNEY after the decision to transfer her to the Royal Australian Navy. Their muzzle velocity however seen sufficient at 2,350 ft/s (716 m/s) up to 16,300 yd (15,000 m) in horiztontal, anti-ship fire and 28,750 ft (8,800 m) in AA mode and max elevation. HMS leander in 1942 – Author’s HD illustration. SKU: A013358 Categories: Cruisers, Ships Plans. On 27 February 1941, she sank an Italian armed freighter near the Maldives and on 23 March 1941, she captured the Vichy French freighter Charles L.D. HMNZS Leander (75) (Returned to the Royal Navy as HMS Leander) Royal Navy (more on Royal Navy) HMS Ajax (22) HMS Leander (75) HMS Neptune (20) Lost on 19 Dec 1941: HMS Orion (85) 6 Light cruisers of the Leander class. After Malta convoys, and assisting convoys to and from Greece, HMAS Sydney operated at Souda Bay in Crete, and was attacked and hit by Italian aircraft on 24 November 1940. between Mauritius and Madagascar. On 12 June 1940 she fired on Italian aviation off Aden while her Walrus bombed the Peak Island Italian wireless station. Crew compliment was 570. Hansard HC Deb 01 August 1882 vol 273 c410. Compared with the Iris class, the designers of the Leander "cut down top hamper and took advantage of the recent advance in gun construction to reduce the weight of, while adding to the efficiency of armaments. They were heavy, unprotected ww1-1 era naval guns, weighting with barrel & breech: 4,890 lb (2,220 kg). The ship was laid down on 8th September that year and launched on 24th September 1931 She was the 5th RN ship to carry the name, introduced in 1780 for a 4th Rate and last used for a cruiser in 1882 which was sold in 1920. The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II. Commissioned on 10 October 1933 she was the first of the improved Leander group to carry a floatplane, the medium range Supermarine Walrus. They also lost catapult and crane in 1941 (Ajax-Orion) and 1943 (Leander, Achilles). On 12 July 1943 this force was deployed to intercept Japanese destroyers running the 'Tokyo Express' in the Kula Gulf. She was back in the Mediterranean to take part in the latter part of Operation Torch, part of Force Q at Bône, Algeria. They were named after corvette until the last cruiser was decommissioned more than a century later. HMAS Hobart joined the composite force deployed to prevent an invasion of Port Moresby, composed of the Australia, Hobart, USS Chicago, and Perkins, Walke, and Farragut at Jomard Passage. Later Sydney launched a torpedo volley, which missed as the German ship manoeuvred but broke down her engine in the process. Leander s were very active with Royal Navy aircraft carrier task forces and in other operations.  "Lord Northbook's board were deeply impressed with the necessity for developing the construction of vessel of the Leander" type. " The opinion of the captain of the Arethusa was that the "engine room complement [was] insufficient by 2 engine room artificers, 2 leading stokers, and 23 stokers. Sails and screw. The Leander class was a four-ship cruiser programme ordered by the Admiralty in 1880. Though the "Admiralty have been desirous that the money should be spent on the object for which it is voted, but that it has been prevented by a delay with the contractor. 1/96 Royal Navy Leander Class 6" Director $ 51.32 by Micro Master. The survivors were picked up by the Japanese and ended in POWs, only 218 surviving the war internment. She was apparently the first British cruiser to fire at dawn. She still made 73,140 shp (54,500 kW) for 31 knots at full load of 9240 tons. The armoured deck was just above the normal waterline at the centre, and sloped down at the sides to protect against shells entering at the waterline.. HMS Neptune was a Leander-class light cruiser which served with the Royal Navy during World War II. The next part of her career was Mediterranean, as appriopriate for a Greek hero, after a refit at Chatham where she received among others a Type 279 Radar. Neptune was the fourth ship of its class and was the ninth Royal Navy vessel to carry the name. She was present at V-day in Tokyo bay. Add to cart. Before that, she patrolled the south atlantic, searching for German privateers and later the Graf Spee, which saw her joining the Force G together with her sister ship Ajax and HMS Exeter (and the Cumberland which was still in the Falklands when the day came out). Your email address will not be published.  The veracity of Admiralty statistics on the completion of these vessels was questioned in the ensuing debate in the House of Commons by W.H. These afforded the following data: Steam in the boilers, 85.35 lbs [588.5 kPa]; vacuum, 25.3 in (640 mm) starboard and 24.8 in (630 mm) port; revolutions, 100; mean pressures, starboard, 43.7 and 11 lb. However fatefully she was sent to the American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) force. Filter 1/350 Royal Navy Leander Class 6" Director $ 21.20 by Micro Master. She sailed with RN captain J.U.P. Often deployed to remote locations as autonomous units. They also had parade guns, quickly removed at the beginning of the conflict. In late 1940 to 1941 she took part in the escort of British convoys to Malta while trying to intercept axis ones. Leander class were originally armed with eight BL 6 inch Mk XXIII naval guns in twin turrets, two forward and two aft. Learn how your comment data is processed. This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. The Leander Class were a four ship cruiser programme ordered by the Admiralty in 1880. She was even modified to look like a Condotierri class cruiser, successfully approaching and shelling the Italian Makri Yalo Airbase at Scarpanto. The committee appointed to inquire into all circumstances connected with the 1888 British naval manoeuvres reported as follows: The First Naval Lord, Admiral Sir Arthur Hood commented on this as follows: "Leander and her three sisters were very successful and may be seen as the ancestors of most [Royal Navy] cruisers for the rest of the century and beyond. Here is a highly detailed model of HMS Ajax, a Leander class cruiser.  When the Leander was completed in 1885, she was considered one of the three most important unarmoured vessels in the 1885 Evolutionary Squadron. The plan includes profile, upper decks & sections . The ship was laid down on 8th September that year and launched on 24th September 1931 She was the 5th RN ship to carry the name, introduced in 1780 for a 4th Rate and last used for a cruiser in 1882 which was sold in 1920. She actively served in that role until 1943 and joined the US Navy Task Force 67 to operate at Guadalcanal. " It was stated on 1 August 1882, that "the Amphion is being advanced satisfactorily at Pembroke, while the Leander, Arethusa, and Phaeton are promised to be delivered within the year by the contractor, a promise which was renewed within a few days of the present time." The Leander-class, or Type 12I frigates,    comprising twenty-six vessels, was among the most numerous and long-lived classes of frigate in the Royal Navy's modern history. Sold to be broken up for scrap on 15 December 1949.  In 1881, it was argued that Britain had fallen behind in cruisers to protect Britain's mercantile marine, which at the time was at least half the world total. I hear the Leander herself was rather unlucky in that after a brief Mediterranean sortie, she was sent to the Pacific and badly torpedoed by a Sendai class light cruiser of the IJN - and that was it for her war career, but her crew were transferred to the crown colony class light cruiser HMS Gambia, which replaced the Leander as the NZ component of the Royal Navy. The Washington treaty did not fixed rules for light cruisers but artillery (6-in), therefore in terms of tonnage, the ship could reach the heavy cruiser limit of 10,000 tons*, which left margin for range and speed. However it was doubted that this was the main reason for delays. ; Colledge, J.J (1968). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. These guns were used by the Leander, Amphion, Arethusa, ‘Town’ superclass, Crown Colony, Minotaur, while the postwar Neptune (cancelled) and Tiger (Converted) embarked on the fully automated QF Mark N5. Kormoran own fires were soon out of control and she was evacuated and scuttled after midnight, the survivors being later interrogated. The Leander class was influenced by the York-class heavy cruiser, and was an attempt to better provide for the role of commerce protection. XXIII guns, mounted in four two-gun turrets, in 'A', 'B', 'X' and 'Y' positions. The wreck of HMAS Perth sparkled controversy when she was allegedly pillages by Indonesian divers in 2013. See Conway's, List of Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty#1861 to 1882, Hansard HC Deb 18 March 1881 vol 259 cc1389-90, Hansard HC Deb 2 December 1884 vol 294 c455, Hansard HC Deb 16 March 1882 vol 267 c1102. The Leander-class light cruisers were designed in the late 1920s under the influence of the York-class heavy cruisers. However this sytem was copied on the next class Arethusa. HMS Orion circa 1943; notice the tripod masts and lower ports welded shut. She was attacked by Japanese aviation while refuelling from a tanker at Tanjong Priok, took damage and was not able to join the ABDA squadron. In the end of 1941, the cruiser saild back to Colombo and then Australia, becoming the flagship of Rear Admiral John Gregory Crace. Destroyers Hull Developed by John Haynes More information, photos and some fittings can be found at www.johnrhaynes.com The ship also had stronger AA defenses and better armor protection. "See Leander class frigate for the later frigate class of the same name.". She was hit by seven shells, lost a whaler, took bridge damage and on radars, with 37 casualties. Later in 1941, she led Force K to intercept axis convoys bound to Libya and the Afrika Korps. On 28 June 1940, while escorting a convoy to Malta she engaged a large Italian destroyer force, badly damaging and later sinking the Espero. The class comprised HMS Leander, HMS Phaeton, HMS Amphion and HMS Arethusa. Strike craft loadout variable depending on mission. HMAS Hobart took part in the East African Campaign, Battle of the Coral Sea and Guadalcanal, Philippines campaign in 1944 and the Borneo/Aitape-Wewak campaigns. Ships - Leander Class Cruiser. At first she served with the North America and West Indies Station but instead joined the Mediterranean, to patrol during the Abyssinian crisis, returning later to her initial station. projectile. HMS Apollo before transfer to the RAN in Miami, 1938. ), In the 1888 British annual naval manoeuvres, "the proportion of untrained (2nd Class) stokers which were draughted to several of the ships appears to have been too large. She stayed in Portsmouth for repairs and modernizations until May 1944, receiving notably dual-purpose twin QF 4 inch Mk XVI guns and new radars and added AA like a quad QF 2 pom poms installed in place of the former X turret. The intention was to spread this over 14 ships of 6,500 tons each, to be known as the Leander class. Leander Class Cruiser (1931) From The Dreadnought Project. Life expectancy was great, between 1200 and 2200 rounds according to the charge, classic cordite or NQFP. HMNZS Achilles circa 1941 – Allan C. Green coll. – 5 Leander class light cruisers (1931-34): Classic washington treaty light cruisers, armed with eight 6-in (152 mm).  "The first four ships of a large class laid down for the protection of commerce under Lord Northbrook's board were of the Leander type. In 1934, the Australian government seeked a replacement for the old HMAS Brisbane, and negotiations for the purchase of HMS Phaeton while she still under construction took place. I have had good results with 150% (1/1200) and 75% (1/2400). In June she joined the Mediterranean 7th Cruiser Squadron and acted as John Tovey’s flagship. 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