A major Mughal contribution to the Indian subcontinent was their unique architecture.Many monuments were built by the Muslim emperors, especially Shah Jahan, during the Mughal era including the UNESCO World Heritage Site Taj Mahal, which is known to be one of the finer examples of Mughal architecture.Other World Heritage Sites include Humayun’s Tomb, … As actual portraits of only a few of this group … Like other Mughal emperors he's said to be a direct descendent of Mongol rulers such as Genghis Khan and Timur. Director: Manoj Punj | Stars: Gurdas Maan, Juhi Chawla, Sushant Singh, Divya Dutta. The impressive fort is included in UNESCO’s list of world heritage sites in the year 2007. When the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb bans music in India because he believes it turns people away from God, musicians go underground. Aurangzeb was the last illustrious king of Mughal empire. Emperor # 1. Humayun 3. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, as the palace of his forfeited capital Shahjahanabad, constructed this wondrous monument in the year 1648. He was responsible for moving the empire into India. The beginning of Mughal empire is predictably dated to Babur's victory over Ibrahim Lodi in the 1st Battle of Panipat. Prominent Mughal Dynasty Emperors The 16th Century. Jagranjosh.com presents the List of Mughal Emperors. He was a descendent of Genghis Khan (Mongol emperor) and served as the ruler of Kabul, Samarqand, and Ferghana before India. 1530 0. Be it the founder of the Mughal Empire – Babur or his invincible descendants like Humayun, Akbar, Aurangzeb, etc., each name has its own list of glory, achievements and power. Once the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty, Red Fort is now a popular tourist attraction in Delhi and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The imperial court included officers, bureaucrats, secretaries, court historians, and accountants, who produced astounding documentation of … Jahangir 6. Three names on Zeno's list were not found in Wikipedia (one does have a reference stub) and one pretender in Wikipedia did not show up in Zeno. List of Mughal Emperors. After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, a war of succession began amongst his three surviving sons, Muazzam – the […] The Mughal Emperors lost their power and glory and their empire shrank to a few square miles around Delhi. And it is as the Moghul emperors of India that they become known to history. 3. The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur who was descended of the Timur from the father's side and Genghis Khan from the mother's side. For some two centuries, the empire stretched from the outer fringes of the Indus basin in the west, northern Afghanistan in the northwest, and Kashmir in the north, to the highlands of present-day Assam and Bangladesh in the east, and the uplands of the Deccan plateau in south India . The spelling and dates are from Zeno, the links lead to Wikipedia. It was the golden period of Mughal empire in India starting from Babur to Aurangzeb. Sher Shah 4. Mughal Emperors, 1526 - 1858; 1526, May 27: Babur founds the Empire of Hind (usually referred to by historians as the Mughal Empire) 1540, May 17: Mughal rulers are expelled and superseded by the Afghan Suri dynasty: 1555, Jul 23: Empire of Hind under the Mughal rulers restored: 1600, Dec 31: LIST OF ALL MUGHAL EMPERORS IN INDIAN HISTORY :- 01. The last Mughal Emperor Bahādur Shāh II, an accomplished poet who wrote under the name Ẓafar. Under Babur, trade with Persia and Europe was encouraged and slavery diminished. The Humayun’s Tomb is a mausoleum of the Mughal Emperor Humayun (ruled 1530-1540 and 1555-1556). He was the founder of the Mughal Kingdom or Empire and was born as Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur in 1483 in Andijan, Timurid Empire. Their list is given below. Mughal empire is considered as one of the top 10 greatest empires of India history. Humayun (1530-1540,55-56) 03. The Mughal Emperors (or Moghul), built and ruled the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.The Mughals began to rule parts of India from 1526, and by 1700 ruled most of the sub-continent. Below is the list of complete Mughal emperors, which Mughal ruler was the greatest and who was the worst. Wives of Mughal Emperors 1910s India. The Mughal emperors were a branch of the Timurid dynasty.From the early 16th century to the early 18th they built and ruled the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of Bangladesh, India and Pakistan.Their power rapidly dwindled during the 18th century and the last of the emperors was deposed in 1857, with the establishment of the British Raj. Akbar (1556-1605) 04. The first emperor of the Mughal Empire was Babur, a direct descendant of Genghis Khan. Top List of Mughal Emperors of India Babur. Red Fort in Delhi: The Zenith of Mughal Creativity. Built by the Emperor’s widow Bega Begum in 1570, the Humayun’s Tomb is the earliest example of Mughal garden-tombs in the Indian subcontinent and one of the earliest examples of the distinct Mughal architectural style that would reach its height with the Taj Mahal. In this later Mughals phase, only namesake kings ruled the Mughal empire. List your movie, TV & celebrity picks. | Mughal Emperor List The Mughal Empire was an Islamic Turkish-Mongol kingdom that began in 1526, ruled the Indian subcontinent until the late 17th and early 18th centuries and ended in the mid-19th century. Here is a list of Mughal emperors. Home to several rulers, dynasties, emperors, conquerors, kings and monarchs, the opulence and grandeur of India reached new heights under different dynasties and … The Mughal emperors (or Great Mughals) were despotic rulers who relied upon and held sway over a large number of ruling elites. The Mughal emperors who succedded him were known as later Mughals. Babur (Zahir-ud-din Muhammad) 30 April 1526 – 26 December 1530 (aged 47) Babur was born 14 February 1483 in Andijan (in modern Uzbekistan) and became the first Mogul Emperor of India. Babur (1526-1530) 02. Mughal Dynasty has produced lots of powerful Emperors. Certain important particulars regarding the Mughal Emperors is tabulated below: Reig n Dea Emperor Birth Notes Peri th od. Votes: 201. create a new list. The Mughal reign started from 16th century and lasted till … If we see the list of Mughal emperors, the period of their rule can be divided into two phases. List of Mughal Emperors in India (1526-1857) The list of Mughal emperors who ruled India is given below: Emperor Reign Description Babur 1526– 1530 Was a direct descendant of Genghis Khan through Timur and was the founder of the Mughal Empire after his victories at the Battle of Panipat (1526) and the Battle of Khanwa Humayun 1530– 1540 Portraits of Sixteen wives of Mughal Emperors are shown; they are set in oval frames and arranged around an image of the Diwani Khas–the private audience hall in the Delhi Red Fort. The Mughal Emperors that followed Aurangzeb effectively became British or French puppets. Babur 2. Babur: Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur, better known in history as Babur was the son of Umar Shaikh Mirza, ruler of Farghana a small kingdom in Russian Turkestan. In this blog we will discuss about List of Mughal Emperors in India. ADVERTISEMENTS: Later Mughals (1707-1857 A.D.): The Mughal Empire was vast and extensive in the beginning of the eighteenth century. The Emperors are: 1. Famous Indian Emperors & Kings When it comes to heritage and legacy, not many countries can assert of a rich and vibrant history as India. Shah Jahan 7. After that they declined rapidly, but nominally ruled territories until the 1850s. Aurangzeb. ,List of Mughal Emperors,,,,S.No.,Titular Name,Birth Name,Birth,Death,Notes1,Babur,Zahir-ud-din Muhammad,23 February 1483,26 December 1530 (aged 47),----2,Humayun,"Nasir-ud-din Muhammad Humayun",17 March 1508,27 January 1556 (aged 48),"Humayun was overthrown in 1540 by Sher Shah Suri of the Suri dynasty but returned to the throne in 1555 after the death of Islam Shah Suri (Sher Shah … Who was the Greatest Mughal Ruler? The imperial pedigree of Bābur and his successors may look impressive, but the researches of an international team of geneticists put it into perspective. Some of their kings are still known for their work and fights. But by the close of the century it had shrunk to a few kilometres around Delhi. The second phase is from 1707 to 1857. With his death, one of the world's greatest dynasties came to an end. Mughal dynasty, Muslim dynasty of Turkic-Mongol origin that ruled most of northern India from the early 16th to the mid-18th century. Here we detail about the top seven most powerful Mughal Emperors of India. Humayun's Tomb. Dec 1526 Zaheeruddin Feb 23, 26, Founder of the – MuhammadBabur 1483 153 Mughal Dynasty. Reign interrupted by Suri Dynasty. Jahangir (1605-1627) … The first phase is from 1526 to 1707. In the end, in 1803, Delhi itself was occupied by the British army and the proud of Mughal Emperor was reduced to the status of a mere pensioner of a foreign power. Serving as the residence of Mughal Emperors for nearly 200 years, the Red Fort became a UNESCO world heritage site in the year 2007. The Mughal Empire , Mogul or Moghul Empire , was an early-modern empire in South Asia . SOUTH ASIAN ART AND CULTURE. The last Mughal Emperor was deposed by the British in 1858. Here is the list of the Great Mughal Emperors of India, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc. Here, he ruled with religious tolerance from 1526 to 1530. List of Mughal Emperors with time Period. 1. The British exiled the last Mughal. The administrative organization of the Mughal Empire allowed it to prosper for more than two centuries before being overrun by the Marathas. The palatial residence of the Mughals, Delhi’s Red Fort was the capital of the empire for around 200 years. The Mughal Emperors were descendants of the Timurids, and at the height of their power around 1700, they controlled most of the Indian Subcontinent — extending from Bengal in the east to Balochistan in the west, Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south. Akbar 5. Bahadur Shah I (1707 AD-1712 AD) Aurangzeb died in 1707 AD and he was succeeded by his son prince Muazzam who sat on the throne with the title, Bahadur Shah I. Few Mughal rulers very brave and fully loaded with the fighting skills. Constructed under the leadership of Shah Jahan, Red Fort is one of the most iconic historical places in India. The Persians refer to his dynasty as mughal, meaning Mongol.