Ōryoku Maru (鴨緑丸, named after Yalu River) was a Japanese passenger cargo ship which was commissioned by the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II as a troop transport and prisoner of war (POW) transport ship. They suffered from hunger, thirst and the filth in the hold of the hellship. Sunk by submarine 18 September 1944. Japanese POW transport ships are often referred to as hell ships, due to their notoriously unpleasant conditions and the many deaths that occurred on board. Much of the material is the result of personal research. Two little girls lost their Czech fathers on a Japanese Hellship. It was the largest naval disaster in American history.In comparison, more than 1,500 perished on the RMS Titanic. 51-Brazil Maru) The Brazil Maru and the Enoura Maru: Finishing the Journey into Hell On December 27, the prisoners at San Fernando boarded the Brazil Maru and Enoura Maru and sailed for Takao, Formosa, Died on the Enoura Maru 1945/01/09 . Both of their fathers became POWs of the Japanese in the Philippines during WWII and lost their lives on the Enoura Maru, one of the Japanese POW transport Hellships, in January of 1945. ANNA KEEVER LYON, 69, of Greensboro North Carolina is the daughter of the late Joe W. Keever, a Staff Sergeant with 60th Coast Artillery Corps of the U.S. Army stationed on Corregidor. The Eunoura Maru was a Hell Ship for POW Transport. The “Hellship Enuora Maru arrived at Takao Harbor at 9 Jan. 1945 and was U.S. Navy aircraft bombed and sank the Oryoku before it left the Philippines. Rank/Rate: Chief Pharmacist's Mate: Service Number: 375 24 31: Birth Date: August 3, 1906 : From: Oakland, California : Decorations: Purple Heart, Prisoner of War Medal On the morning of 9 January 1945, the Enoura Maru was moored alongside a tanker in Takao Harbor, Formosa. Sunk by submarine 17 September 1944. History of the SS Oryoku Maru Hellship Wreck in Subic Bay Philippines. The ship was 466 feet in length, 63.3 feet in breadth and range somewhere around 7,000 tons. Brazil Maru - carried all surviving POWs of Oryoku Maru and Enoura Maru. 4 By Lee A. Gladwin The Brazil Maru passes through the Panama Canal on March 26, 1940. Mrs. Jane Bzoch Cambus and Mrs. Hanna Varak Romans Witherspoon recently joined in the Hellships Memorial Tour to the Philippines. The Brazil made port in Moji (Japan) on January 29, 1945 with only 435 of the original 1,619 prisoners of war who began the long ordeal onboard the Oryoku Maru … Total number of prisoners 750. The pages on Japanese Homeland Camps are dedicated to Roger Mansell Maintained by Ron Taylor. The Enoura Maru, which was en route from the Philippines to Japan, hadn’t been marked as having POWs on board so the pilots didn’t know they were attacking some of their own. Japan . Winter 2003, Vol. He died January 9, 1945 from the bombing of the hellship Enoura Maru in Takao Harbor, Formosa. After the “Hellship Oryoku Maru” was bombed at Fernando, Philippines (15 dec. 1944) The POWs were embarked to the “Hellships Enoura and Brazil Maru. He survived the Bataan Death March and taken to the Cabanatuan POW Camp. Britain at War . (185-CZ-Vol. Additional information courtesy of J. D. Beckwith, great-grandnephew. Enoura Maru: San Fernando, La Union: 12/27/44: Takao, Formosa: 12/31/44: 1070: Enoura was bombed (severely damaged, but not sunk) at Takao on 01/09/45 by US aircraft: 806 : Oite: vic. He became a POW and died on the Hellship Enoura Maru in January of 1945. Schade survived this ordeal only to be packed onto another hellship – the Enoura Maru – and sent to Formosa (modern-day Taiwan). October 24th is the 75th Anniversary of the sinking of the hellship Arisan Maru in the Bashi Channel between Formosa and Luzon. The prisoners were moved to the cargo ship Enoura Maru which steamed from the Philippines to Formosa, arriving on New Years Day. US Navy aircraft from the USS Hornet attacked the Oryoku Maru in Subic Bay near Olongapo. On 9 Jan 1945 the US Navy bombed the Enoura Maru killing over 300 POWs they didn't know were on board. He was later packed onto the hellship Oryoku Maru, which was bombed, but he survived. Winter 2003, Vol. This page tells their story. Peart Diary-unusual diary of entire trip of the Oryoku Maru and following ships. These men included British and Dutch survivors of the hellship Hofuku Maru, sunk off Luzon, 21 Sept 1944 with the loss of about 950 POWs. The Missing Marines List represents nearly a decade of research. Contains information about the experiences of Allied prisoners of war of the Japanese. Nearly five years later, it carried Allied POWs. Fuku Maru was sunk by U.S. Navy aircraft in Subic Bay, in the Philippines, during September 1944, killing more than 1,200 British and Dutch prisoners. Missing or dead 1,778. 4 By Lee A. Gladwin The Oryoku Maru under attack at Olongapo, Luzon, December 14–15, 1944. A series of ships — the Oryoku Maru, Enoura Maru and Brazil Maru — transported what began as a group of 1,600 POWs to mainland Japan to be used as slave labor. Aboard Hellship Enoura Maru: Circumstances: Killed in the bombing of Enoura Maru: Remarks : Information courtesy of Paul W. Wittmer. 35, No. The men were transported by train from Moji station to camp Fukuoka 17 at Omuta, Kyushu, arriving on 10 Aug 1943. Clyde Maru POW roster (complete 500/500) This roster contains the names of the 500 Americans sent from Manila to Moji, Japan, aboard the Clyde Maru from 23 July to 9 August 1943. 350 prisoners, including Lt. Smith were killed. The Enoura Maru was sunk but the Brazil Maru made port in Moji, Japan on January 29, 1945 with only 500 of the original 1,619 POWs who began the ordeal a month and a half earlier. Shinyu Maru. Boarded Hellship . Enoura Maru. Diseases broke out and many of the men were violently ill (The Bombing of the Enoura). This ship was also unmarked and it was bombed and disabled by American carrier planes on January 9, 1945. Many of these men were taken to Taiwan aboard Hokusen Maru in Oct-Nov 1944 and others on Oryoku Maru and Brazil Maru in Dec 44-Jan 45. Cruise of Death series from Nov. 8, 1945 published in the Chicago Daily News Ship diagrams from Japanese blueprints, showing cargo hold locations - Oryoku Maru - Enoura Maru - Brazil Maru Bilibid transfers to Oryoku Maru (RG 407 Box 148) 35, No. (Records of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, RG 38) John M. Jacobs had been in Manila when the Japanese captured the Philippines in the early stages of World War II, and now, in 1944, he was a prisoner of war, or POW, in the Bilibid Prison in Manila. Following the bombing of the Oryoku Maru, those prisoners who survived were then put on board the Enoura Maru.Previously used to transport horses, the holds were filthy with manure, yet into these holds were crammed some 1,040 men with little room to sit down. All of the POWs on the Enoura Maru were crammed into the second hold aft of the bow. How to Submit Photos and Information. In late October 1944 The Japanese regime realised that the daily US air raids were striking and rapidly weakening their strongholds in the Philippines. Unya Maru. Enoura Maru went down, taking with her a large, undetermined number of prisoners. The ship was bombed by American planes off of the USS Hornet. His body was recovered and buried in … Arizan Maru. In 1990, Mr. The ships were unmarked as carrying prisoners. To Register please email me below, with your details & … In the largest hellship disaster, over 5,500 were killed when Jun’yō Allied prisoners of war were not the Above: Kachidoki Maru 12 September 1944 by USS Pampanito 900 British 400 Maru was sunk by HMS Tradewind on 18 only ones to die at sea from friendly ire. No survivors. Ship Name . Seven hundred miles south raged the Battle of Leyte Gulf (October 23–27, 1944) to liberate the Philippines. Batson, Howard Marshall Jr. Fansler, Carl G. On January 11th, the remaining Enoura survivors were loaded onto the Brazil Maru which did not head to sea until January 14th. He survived the bombing of the Hellship Oryoku Maru the next day only to die on the second Hellship, the Enoura Maru, docked in Takao Harbor, Formosa. Destination . The Oryoku Maru sank after the surviving POWs were allowed to jump overboard and swim to shore. Total number of prisoners on board 2,200. Jack eventually made it on to the “Hellship” Oryoku Maru that left Manila late on December 13, 1944 carrying 1,619 POWs in its cargo holds. It also contains information about POW camps. Arrived at Moji, Japan with approximately 425 of 1,619 POWs that began trip on Oryoku Maru on December 13, 1944. 1 talking about this. It has been confirmed that West Virginians died on this ship. He was again packed onto another hellship, Enoura Maru, which was bombed as well and sunk. Oryoku Maru. A series of ships — the Oryoku Maru, Enoura Maru and Brazil Maru — transported what began as a group of 1,600 POWs to mainland Japan to be used as slave labor. Missing or dead 1,477. On 9 January 1945, American aircraft struck again, dropping bombs on ships in Takao Harbor. A main emphasis is on prison ships or hellships and hellship voyages. Died. Less than 300 of these men survived until the end of the war. POWs died at a rate of up to fifty per day. Noto Maru hellship The Noto Maru was constructed somewhere between 1933 and 1935 was capable of a speed of 19 knots. Sunk by torpedo 24 October 1944. The Enoura left the Philippines on 27 Dec 1944 and headed north. Total number ofprisoners on board 1,782. This page is only concerned with one of them, the Enoura Maru. 1944/12/13. (Photo) The ship was filled with POWs that had been loaded from two other Hellships, the Brazil Maru and the Oryoku Maru. This includes images of Japanese ships used to transport POWs and rosters of the men aboard. He was one of the few bodies identified after the 400-some men who died aboard the ships were disinterred in 1946. Peart wound up in Mukden. The Enoura Maru was badly damaged in this attack, and an estimated 400 prisoners of war were killed. 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