Physiological Differences Between Male and Female Athletes. Strength, power and speed development again become the center of training. J. Athl. In: D.B. Sports Physio. 2016 May;75(2):181-7. doi: 10.1017/S0029665115004206. Ideal physique and physiology are not sufficient for excellence in basketball.15 However, understanding these components and using this knowledge to create training and nutrition plans can benefit athletes of all skill levels. External mechanical work versus oxidative energy consumption ratio during a basketball field test. Delextrat et al5 showed that elite players achieved significantly better performances in the 1-repetition maximum (1-RM) bench press (+18.6% or 223 lbs) as compared to average-level players. Twelve males and 11 females (16 to 17 years) were evaluated. Phys. 8. Body composition testing determines how much of your body is and isn't fat. Sport. Perf. 33:229-232. This paper explores scientific data on structural and functional demands of elite basketball players to establish the physiological profile of successful athletes.  |  Phys. Body composition is important because you are always running up and down the court. Relationship between changes in total-body water and fluid distribution with maximal forearm strength in elite judo athletes. The contribution of anthropometric and physiological attributes. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. 42:409–417. 8:214–218. Hoffman J.R., G. Tenenbaum, C.M. J. J. & JIMÉNEZ-DIAZ, J. F. Body composition features in different playing position of professional team indoor players: basketball, handball and futsal. It is clear that training the anaerobic energy system is a key to success in the game of basketball. Males increased FFM (4.4±2.3%), TBW (3.5±4.6%), SM (4.5±2.3%), and arm (3.4±2.7%) and thigh (3.8±3%) Mc. Lastly, game and strategic differences in playing style could impact the physiological requirements of the basketball player and should not be discounted.11. Protein is … Females increased SM (5.9±4.6%) and arm (3.6±3.8%) and thigh (4±5.2%) Mc and decreased ICF (-9.7±13.6%). Information herein is intended for professional audiences, including scientists, coaches, medical professionals, athletic trainers, nutritionists, dietitians and other sports health professionals who have a fundamental understanding of human physiology. In the NBA, the center (C) players are the tallest on the team. Sci. J. Appl. J. Hoffman J.R., A.C. Fry, R. Howard, C. M. Maresh, and W.J. 25. This will include information on such things like muscle to fat ratios within the body of the athlete. Repeated Sprint Ability in Young Basketball Players (Part 2): The Chronic Effects of Multidirection and of One Change of Direction Are Comparable in Terms of Physiological and Performance Responses. Eur. Train. The guard position is usually characterized by a lower body mass, body fat percentage, and height, while the forward and center positions are usually taller, heavier, and have a higher percent of body fat.23 A strong relationship exists between body composition, aerobic fitness, anaerobic power, and positional roles in elite basketball.5,20, Little data exists on the typical body composition of high school basketball players. Ferret, V. Vitelli, and G. Baverel (2005). Fitness test results of female elite basketball play ers (n=14). While a quarter of game play for a high school athlete lasts 8 minutes of clock time, an average segment of play may last only 12–20 s.20 However, basketball players have been found to cover about 4500–5000 m (2.8–3.1 mi) during a 48–minute game.4 Also, in a simulated practice game, players were found to spend only 34.1% of the time playing, 56.8% walking, and 9.0% standing.20 Therefore, both the aerobic and anaerobic metabolic systems are required.3,4,24 When designing training and nutrition programs, it is important to note that the overall physical load, based on heart rate, and oxygen demand are greater for games than scrimmage practice situations.19 Analyses of physiological requirements of basketball in the past 20 years showed a major reliance on the anaerobic metabolism across positions,7 with secondary reliance on the aerobic energy system. Taylor, J. Journal of Physical Education and Sports Management, 1(3), 28-32. Basketball players: One of the major factors that determine whether you'll become a good player or a great one is your diet. Muscle mass is determined 95 g 220 lbs. While height, of course, is determined by genetics, changes in body composition can be achieved through proper training and nutrition. Repeated sprint tests in young basketball players at different game stages. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was used to assess bone mineral (Mo) and lean-soft tissue (LST). Pyne, and M.J. Mckenna (2010). Int J Sports Med. This study aimed to characterize the body composition changes at the molecular, cellular, tissue, and whole-body level of analysis in elite junior basketball players during the course of a season. 5:144–149. Res. Overall, the intermittent activity pattern in basketball demands aerobic capabilities sufficient to sustain repeated short bouts of high-intensity. Attene G, Nikolaidis PT, Bragazzi NL, Dello Iacono A, Pizzolato F, Zagatto AM, Dal Pupo J, Oggianu M, Migliaccio GM, Mannucci Pacini E, Padulo J. Methods: Med. Crisafulli, A., F. Melis, F. Tocco, P. Laconi, C. Lai, and A. Concu (2002). Res. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Int. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was to assess longitudinal body composition changes among female collegiate athletes across 3 years. Fit. Physiology of basketball. Changes in regional body composition explain increases in energy expenditure in elite junior basketball players over the season. to body composition.9 On the professional level, Table 1 summarizes the average anthropometrics of draftees and free agents in the NBA from 1997 to 2012.25 Overall, the data on height, body mass and composition of basketball teams suggests that players vary widely in body size independent of success rates.14,18,21 STRENGTH, POWER, AND AGILITY Muscular strength remains a neglected component during the regular season of basketball, even though focusing on this area strengthens the entire team. and J. Maia (1998). SUMMARY: The aim of the present research was to analyze the body composition (BC) and the differences in BC among Quiterio AL, Carnero EA, Silva AM, Baptista F, Sardinha LB. 23:1704-1713. J. Med. Greene, J.J., T.A. Eur J Appl Physiol. The following is an exclusive excerpt from the book NSCA's Guide to Tests and Assessments, published by Human Kinetics.All text and images provided by Human Kinetics. The sport of basketball requires specific skills that can be completed under dynamic conditions, in most cases while moving at a high speed or while changing directions. Strength Cond. Somatotype in high performance female netball players may influence player position and the incidence of lower limb and back injuries. Aim: Being less ectomorphic, with a greater fat free mass and strength, can explain significant differences in sprinting performances. 7. Hoare, D.G. MENTE-SUAREZ, V. J. For many basketball players, maintaining their weight and lean mass through the long competitive season is often the biggest issue. In theory, there is a strong relationship between body composition and positional roles in elite basketball. Hoffman, J.R. (2003). Abdelkrim N. B., E.F. Saloua, and E.A. On this list there are some surprising sports ranked high, though there is no doubt that body composition is one of the most important factors for jockeys and divers. 3:391-405. 2. 110 g 250 lbs. Natl. Strength Cond. Med. 65 g 160 lbs. Tab le 2. Overall, the anaerobic energy systems are responsible for success in the large volume of jumps, sprints, accelerations and decelerations that occur during a game.14,16 Research has found that a player will have 1,000 changes of movement patterns, those changes occurring on average every 2 s;6 relying on the ability of the muscle to produce a large amount of energy quickly. Jalila (2007). Body Composition focuses on the physiological attributes of the athlete’s body. Sinning WE Body composition, cardiovascular function, and rule changes in women's basketball Res Q 44 313-321, 1973 Google Scholar Sinning WE Anthropomatric estimation of body density, fat, and lean body mass in women's gymnastics. 16. Bishop, D. (2004). Latin R.W., K. Berg, and T. Baechle (1994). Sport. The Components of Fitness is a term given to grouping of aspects relating to conditioning and attributes athletes can work on for sport. Make sure you have plenty of fluids on hand and rehydrate regularly. The physiological differences between men and women are so great that elite male and female athletes rarely compete with each other. HHS 3:26-30. 12–24. As a result, comparisons were made separately. 5:75-86. Silva AM, Matias CN, Santos DA, Rocha PM, Minderico CS, Sardinha LB. The following is an exclusive excerpt from the book NSCA's Guide to Tests and Assessments, published by Human Kinetics.All text and images provided by Human Kinetics. Gocentas, A., A. Landor, and A. Andziulis (2004). Jones, and M.J. McKenna (1995). Body cell mass was calculated (LST - (ECF + ECS)). J Strength Cond Res. Res. 22. Body composition, playing position and lev el of female elite basketball players (n=14). J. J. This is a very common tool used in sports as a way of determining the nature of the athlete’s physical development. Coach Sport. This is a very common tool used in sports as a way of determining the nature of the athlete’s physical development. Application of standards and models in body composition analysis. Results: The range of carbohydrate intake suggested for basketball players is 5–7 (and up to 10) g/kg body weight (see sample diet below). Time-motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. Body composition can be considered important in sports where you have an advantage of being tall (e.g. Physiological differences in professional basketball players as a function of playing position and level of play. However, as described above, aerobic fitness should not be ignored, so a training program should also include work to build the cardiovascular base. Sport performance is highly dependent on the health- and skill-related components of fitness (power, speed, agility, reaction time, balance, and Body Composition coordination) in addition to the athlete’s … 15. Scand. A specific body composition may not be an essential factor for success in basketball as in other sports, although it strongly determines a player’s position. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. 28:657–662. 3. Weekly training hours are associated with molecular and cellular body composition levels in adolescent athletes. Agility is the ability to move quickly and change directions under control to execute sport skills, whereas power is the ability to rapidly combine speed and strength, the best example of which may be sprinting and jumping abilities. Basketball. USA.gov. Improved aerobic power by detraining in basketball players mainly trained for strength. 80 g 190 lbs. Design and interpretation of anthropometric and fitness testing of basketball players. 5. Vertical jump, sprint times, and agility testing were performed; however, the results were not analyzed in relation to body composition.9 On the professional level, Table 1 summarizes the average anthropometrics of draftees and free agents in the NBA from 1997 to 2012.25 Overall, the data on height, body mass and composition of basketball teams suggests that players vary widely in body size independent of success rates.14,18,21, Strength, power, and agility are important predictors of basketball performance.12,15,26 For example, lower body strength has been shown to be a strong predictor of playing time,12 and together with upper body strength is responsible for successful under-the-basket movement execution. Mainly trained for strength energy phosphates in gastrocnemius muscle of the ATP/PCr system and anaerobic glycolysis elite under-19-year-old basketball:... 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